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fresh king crab legs for sale . Wholesale of caviar from 5kg .Russian Caviar. We cooperate with restaurants, casinos, hotels, catering companies, retail chains, cruises companies, night clubs, cosmetics manufacturers and supermarkets.
A little away from all this are sturgeon fish. Sturgeon is one of the most ancient species on Earth, about two hundred million years old. These beauties appeared on the planet before the dinosaurs and hairy monkeys, who later became bald, invented the wheel, the Internet and sunscreen. It is possible that they would have survived us all if it were not for the human love of black caviar.
In total there are about seventeen different types of sturgeon, of which I would single out four main ones: sturgeon, sterlet, stellate sturgeon and beluga (the one that supposedly roars loudly, but in fact it does not).
Sturgeon looks like this:
Under natural conditions (of which there are almost no) lives about fifty years. In breeding, picky that panda from this comics.
So, on fish farms (here I’m running a bit ahead), there are three males for one female. And if she does not like anyone, then she refuses to mate and the continuation of the race does not occur.
This is Beluga.
With her grin, she reminds a bit of a sea dinosaur, in contrast to which she wisely remained in the water and did not fall under the distribution from a giant asteroid or awakened volcanoes.
This is the greatest fish of all freshwater. Beluga weighed up to one and a half tons and reached a length of 4–5 meters.
For example, this is how a beluga effigy looks like in a museum of Tatarstan. Previously, they lived for 120 years (almost twice the average Russian).
And this is what a beautiful woman looks like that she caught in the thirties and sent to Stalin as a gift.
According to legend, a dozen smaller fish were found in her stomach. But in fact, with Beluga, everything is bad. It is on the verge of extinction, and most likely will be completely destroyed in the next twenty years.
Most sturgeon is found in the Caspian Sea; sturgeon also swims in Siberian rivers and on the Amur. Some species in small quantities are in German rivers and America. But the lion’s share is the Caspian and the rivers flowing into it.
The literature often cites pike, sturgeon, beluga (Huso huso), grouper coral salmon (Plectropomus pessuliferus), giant grouper (Epinephelus lanceolatus), North Atlantic lobster (Homarus americanus), etc., as having neglected aging.
In 1990, a beluga weighing about a ton was caught in the Astrakhan fisheries. She was “tall” 4 meters 26 centimeters. One calf in it was about a centner. Ichthyologists have determined the age of a giant fish – about 70 years. She belonged to the generation of “additional dam” herds of red fish, which previously had been free to spawn along the Volga River to the Belaya River. Perhaps this is the last huge beluga in the Volga waters. Experienced experts made her effigy for the museum.
In general, the fate of sturgeon can be divided into two periods: before and after the recognition of black caviar as an exquisite delicacy. Four hundred years ago, in Europe, sturgeon was considered an ordinary fish, and caviar – something like tripe, which was given to feed pigs.
But there was such an enterprising guy named Marcus do Vogelar – a Dutch merchant who moved to Moscow in 1589 and began to carry eggs to Europe. It can be said that from its supply black caviar became an exquisite delicacy for European nobility.
Around this point, the sturgeon started having problems. The Dutch were competing for the right to sell caviar with the British and made on it at + 30-40% profit per year, without registration and SMS.
Soon the next Russian tsar introduced a monopoly on the production of caviar, which then mined about 150 tons per year. And all the money from the sale began to go to the treasury. The next 400 years, caviar was mined on an even more industrial scale, and it was still transported to Europe.
Along with the Russians, the Persians, who controlled about 10% of the Caspian coast, were engaged in trade with caviar. They had only a short respite after the Islamic revolution in 1978. Caviar is considered haram and its prey is immediately banned. But then they got a calculator, they decided that for such grandmothers it is not so haraam, well, you can still sell caviar to infidels.
The trick of the caviar is that it is small, it is expensive and therefore shows the status of the nobility well. Accordingly, people with money are willing to pay, just to highlight their lifestyle. We have black caviar costs 40-80 000 rubles per kilo (depending on the place of purchase), abroad is still several times more expensive.
This picture shows the atmosphere that accompanies caviar in high life: an evening, pleasant company, a delighted girl and an environment in which everything is good for everyone, and it will be good until the end of a calm and full life.
If you are interested in reading about the history of caviar in more detail – there is a cool book “Caviar: A history of desire – by Peter G. Rebeiz”
There are errors with the description of the history of caviar in Russia, but its consumption in Europe and the history of the appearance of fish farms are described well (more on this later).
If you read a book for a long time / expensively, you can just watch the instagram of these guys, for example:
This is a small but rather truthful window into the world of caviar consumption.
But besides the world of caviar consumption, there is also the world of nature, where caviar comes from live fish. By the second half of the twentieth century, the sturgeon population decreased to such an extent that it was necessary to introduce catch quotas. In 1989, the USSR mined 1366 tons of black caviar. After the collapse of the USSR, the Caspian coast was already controlled by five different countries, each of which had its own interest.
As a result, official mining fell sharply, it became more difficult to control everything and poaching grew significantly.
Today, most sturgeons are in the Red Book and are endangered. This happened for several reasons: uncontrolled fishing for decades, poachers (more than 80% of the Russian market is poaching caviar), dam partitioned off by rivers and polluted with waste, fertilizers and oil, these rivers and seas.
Only 1% of sturgeon fry live to the age of five, rarely really large fish are rarely seen. For 5 years on the Volga, scientists have not noted the beluga spawning. Although theoretically, perhaps somewhere in the Caspian Sea, quite an old beluga still swims. She was born under the king, survived all our revolutions in the depths of the sea. And she managed for all these years not to be caught by fishermen. At least in its existence I want to believe.
But the general conclusion is sad: most likely, these ancient fish will soon die out completely.
In principle, the population has a chance for salvation. In the seventies, the first aquaculture appeared in which sturgeon were bred for meat and caviar. This is something like a farm, but they breed fish there.
On the one hand it’s lousy that fish are raised just to kill it. But in Moscow alone today up to 100 kilos of poacher black caviar is sold daily.
And if, in the end, farmer caviar turns out to be cheaper than poaching, then fish in nature has a small chance of survival. I do not really believe in the moral qualities of people, but I believe that loot can defeat evil. This is the only thing that remains for sturgeon to hope for in this whole story.
Legally, the situation is as follows: we can sell black caviar grown on farms, you can not – caught in rivers and seas. This is how a fish farm in North Carolina looks like.
It would seem, why in Russia few people are engaged in this business? After all, the cost is not very high, and you can sell abroad in foreign currency. The problem is that the fish begins to multiply and spawn only after 7+ years of growth. And for business planning in the Russian realities – this is too far a horizon.
Nevertheless, we also have farms, I am selling my black caviar (most of the time I look for contacts abroad, where you can sell caviar several times more expensive).
Beluga is not only the largest sturgeon, but also the largest fish from those caught in freshwater. There are cases when there were specimens up to 9 meters long and weighing up to 2000 kg. Today, individuals weighing more than 200 kg are rarely found; transition to spawning has become too dangerous.
In “Studies on the status of fisheries in Russia”, in 1861, it was reported about a beluga caught in 1827 in the lower reaches of the Volga, which weighed 1.5 tons.
On May 11, 1922, a female weighing 1224 kilograms was caught in the Caspian Sea, near the mouth of the Volga, while 667 kilograms fell on her body, 288 kilograms on her head, and 146.5 kilograms on her calf (see photo). Once again a female of the same size was caught in 1924 in the Caspian Sea in the Biryuchy Spit region, there were 246 kilograms of caviar in it, and the total number of eggs was about 7.7 million.
A little to the east, on the mouth of the Urals, on May 3, 1926, a 75-year-old female weighing more than 1 ton and 4.24 meters long was caught, in which there were 190 kilograms of calf. In the National Museum of the Republic of Tatarstan in Kazan, there is a stuffed beluga with a length of 4.17 meters, produced in the lower reaches of the Volga at the beginning of the 20th century. When caught, its weight was about 1000 kilograms, the fish were 60–70 years old.
In October 1891, when a wind hijacked water from the Taganrog Bay of the Sea of ??Azov, a peasant passing by the exposed shore discovered a beluga in one of the puddles that pulled 20 poods (327 kg), of which 3 poods (49 kg) fell on eggs.