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wedding catering philadelphia. High quality sturgeon caviar can be obtained by growing sturgeon in natural habitat. Get price.100% natural caviar.
Selection of quality sturgeon caviar:
1 In order to choose caviar , find out which type it belongs to .
2 Find out the habitat of this fish.
3 Comparate the fish habitat wiht location of the producer.If they match the probability that you choose aquality product is 80 %.
4.Cooperating with us you are guaranteed to become a consumer of high-quality caviar!!!
There are three main types of black caviar by producer fish: beluga, sturgeon and sturgeon. The largest and most valuable is beluga caviar. Fishermen distinguish six stages of caviar maturity. Usually, the fourth stage goes to the granular caviar, the third – to the pressed one, and the second – to the listello. In fish farms, maturity is determined by selecting a small portion of caviar with a special probe.
In most commercial fish farms, caviar is harvested, selected by the “milking” method, cutting off the oviducts and preserving the life of the females (method S. B. Pillows). Another method – “caesarean section” is laborious and does not allow working with large production batches of fish 3. The traditional way of producing caviar – slaughtering of sturgeon females 4 – is used for catching wild sturgeon, as well as in some farms 5.
According to manufacturing methods, black caviar is subdivided into granular canned, granular barrel, pressed and yastikuyu. Granular pasteurization caviar is not subject. Granular caviar consists of whole, undeformed grains, easily separated from one another. In terms of salting and packaging, granular caviar is divided into lightly salted canned and hard salted keg. Pressed caviar is prepared by salting in a heated saturated salt solution with constant stirring and subsequent pressing of the grain. Calf caviar is prepared from yastik without separation of grain from connective tissue, by strong salting in brine. The yasties are preliminary cut into pieces 10–12 cm long. Caviar is not subdivided according to the types of fish. It is made of two varieties differing in salinity 6. Previously known ternary caviar, made to order. It was wiped through a sieve as well as a granular one; they dramatically poured it on with a warm, strong brine and allowed it to drain, seeking dehydration. Then they were packed in pots and sent to postal threes in Moscow 7.
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Sturgeon in an artificial pool
The main problem of obtaining black sturgeon caviar in aquaculture is that, unlike other common fish grown in this way (for example, trout), at least one cubic meter of water is needed per sturgeon, and it should be grown for 7-10 years. Despite the high demand and prices for black caviar, such production requires significant investments.
According to expert estimates, in 2009, food black sturgeon caviar from aquaculture in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe produced about 20 tons, the largest volumes fall on Russia – 12 tons, Bulgaria? 5 tons, Romania – 500 kg, Moldova – 300 kg 8.
According to the spring of 2011, the legal production of black caviar and sturgeon in Russia was carried out by ten aquaculture farms, the largest of which – RTF “Diana” (“Belovodie”, Vologda region, village Kadui) – 10.5 tons of caviar per year; fish company “Beluga” (Astrakhan) – 2 tons; “Peal” (Astrakhan) – 1.2 tons; Karman fish farm (Republic of Bashkortostan) – 900 kg 9 10.
Production of black caviar in Saudi Arabia at the enterprise “Caviar Court food processing” (a suburb of Dammam) reaches six tons per year. Caviar is also supplied to Russia and the CIS countries 11.
In Israel, sturgeon are artificially bred in Kibbutz Dan (farm “Karat Kaviar”) since 2008 in the amount of about four tons per year 12.
In Moldova (Transdniestria), black caviar is produced at the company Aquatir LLC. The design capacity of the fish-breeding zone of the enterprise is 50-80 tons of salable fish and 5 tons of food caviar per year 13.
Iran predicted that the production of black caviar by fish farms in 2012 will exceed one tonne 14, and in 2013 up to 3 tons will be produced 15.
As of 2015, there are 12 fish farms in China. There are statistics on three of them. sixteen
Qingjiang: annual output – 600 tons of fish, 10 tons of caviar.
Shandong: record holder in caviar production, corresponding to the quality of the Caspian Sea. Annual output – 200 tons of fish, 15 tons of caviar.
Heilongjiang: annual output – 300 tons of fish, 10 tons of caviar.
The main exporters of black caviar were previously five countries: Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Iran. Since 2006 (see the section on sturgeon protection in more detail), only Iran is allowed to export Persian sturgeon caviar ?, harvested in the Caspian Sea. An exception is made given the fact that Iran has a monopoly on the production of caviar, the violation of which is punishable by severe penalties. The approximate export volume of Iran in 2006 is about 50 tons of ready-made caviar. 17
Salmon caviar resembles sturgeon and is sold in the USA as an inexpensive substitute for the latter.
Since the sea fish meets the requirements of kashrut, its caviar can be eaten by adherents of Judaism.
Since 2008, Israel has begun to export black caviar. Israeli black caviar is exported to Japan, America, Europe and Russia at a price of three to five thousand dollars per kilogram 12. In 2008, the export of black caviar brought 15 million shekels, and part of the export was carried out to Russia 18. Since sturgeon is not kosher, Israeli black caviar is not for sale in Israel 12 19. A small amount of sturgeon is sold through the Tiv Taam non-kosher chain, the rest of the Israeli sturgeon farm products are intended for export.
Iran supplies black caviar grown on farms to Germany, France, Switzerland and the United Arab Emirates at a price of $ 870 for 1 kg 20.
Until the mid-1980s, the Soviet Union supplied abroad up to 2 thousand tons of sturgeon caviar. Sturgeon production in the Caspian Sea amounted to 28 thousand tons, caviar production amounted to 2.5 thousand tons of black caviar (90% of the world market) 21. Since 2002, Russia has stopped official deliveries of caviar abroad, and only in 2010, small volumes began to be supplied to some countries. In turn, the Russian Caviar House group of companies began to supply caviar to the USA, Japan, South Africa, the United Arab Emirates, Ukraine, and the Russian Sturgeon trading house to South Korea, Japan, Kazakhstan, the United Arab Emirates, Belarus, Canada 22. Now Russia supplies 1.2 thousand tons, of which only 10 tons are entering the market legally.
For 15 years, the number of sturgeon in the Caspian Sea has decreased by 38.5 times 23.
Prices depend on the type of caviar and differ significantly on the Russian and European markets. The most valuable – beluga caviar. By the end of 2005, 1 kg of beluga caviar cost about € 620 on the black market in Russia (with an official ban on the sale of this caviar) and up to € 7,000 abroad 24. According to Radio Ekho Moskvy, in March 2008, 100 grams of beluga caviar cost 2000 $ 25 in London restaurants.
In the second place by value is the caviar of Russian sturgeon ?: in 2005 it cost 230 € / kg (in the supermarket – 450 € / kg), abroad – more than 1000 € / kg. The cheapest of all is sturgeon caviar, 200 € / kg 24.
In the Moscow grocery markets, as of December 31, 2012, a 500-gram jar of beluga caviar cost an average of 70,000 rubles. In February 2014, at Shrovetide, in the Moscow markets, 500 grams of sturgeon black caviar cost 45,000 rubles, 500 grams of beluga caviar – 75,000 rubles.
For February 2018 the price in Moscow (retail) is ~ 1600 $ / kg.
Sturgeon caviar, as well as salmon (red) caviar, not only has an exquisite taste, but is also very useful, as it contains many trace elements (especially sturgeon caviar). Beluga caviar and sea urchin caviar (the latter has a specific taste, for an amateur) are also considered unusual, but extremely tasty and rare.
Black caviar contains a complete set of amino acids, including glutamine and aspartic, lysine, serine, leucine; minerals: potassium, magnesium, phosphorus and iron, as well as many vitamins.
Artificial black caviar
Artificial Black Caviar Sandwich
In the USSR, the production of artificial “black caviar” was started in the 70s. XX century. The development of artificial “caviar” was led by the organic chemist, Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences A.N. Nesmeyanov, who headed the Institute of Organoelement Compounds of the USSR Academy of Sciences. A caviar product called “Spark” (abbreviation of the phrase “artificial caviar”) was developed. Its composition originally included such components as edible gelatin, chicken egg protein, food coloring, salt, and herring fish flavor. Egg in the egg method is formed by a drop of a protein mixture containing egg white, dye and culinary dressing, in heated vegetable oil or water-oil emulsion. Another method, gelatinous, was proposed by I. V. Kuznetsov – milk or other protein mixtures are used as basic ingredients, gelatin and other components are added to it, after which the solution is heated and injected into vegetable oil cooled to 5-15 degrees 26. There is also algin caviar, which is a granular jelly of sodium alginate, obtained during the processing of seaweed 27.
For 15 years, the number of sturgeon in the Caspian Sea has decreased by 38.5 times 23. According to CaspNIRKh, for the period 1990–2010. in the Volga, the biomass of spawning parts of the sturgeon population decreased from 15 to 1.19 thousand tons, stellate sturgeon – from 6 to 0.5 thousand tons, beluga – from 2 to 0.11 thousand tons. The percentage of sturgeon females in the spawning part of the population decreased from 48.6 to 9.2%, stellate sturgeon from 47 to 13.4%. The passage of sturgeon producers to the Volga breeding grounds after the regulation of the river flow averaged 322 thousand specimens. In 1996 it decreased to 161.4 thousand, and in 2001–2010 it did not exceed 50 thousand 28.
In 2006, there was a ban on the export of black caviar under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora to save the sturgeon population in the Caspian Sea. Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan have limited or even ceased the export of caviar, but did not stop its distribution in the domestic market. The only exception was made for Iran. Since 2007, the Convention has re-authorized exports. Thus, for Russia, the annual export quota of 23.5 tons of black caviar was allocated.
Illegal black caviar is widespread. Thus, according to statistics from Russian law enforcement agencies, the Russian black caviar market is 90% poacher .
In accordance with the decision of the Commission on Aquatic Bioresources of the Caspian Sea, commercial fishing of sturgeon in the Caspian Sea has been prohibited for all Caspian states since 2012 for a period of 5 years.